The banana plant is one of the most popular and widely grown tropical fruits in the world. They are native to South America and were introduced into many parts of the world including Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia and New Zealand. There are two species of bananas: Cavendish (the common variety) and Musa balbisiana (the wild type). Both types have different characteristics which make them suitable for cultivation or production.
Cavendish bananas are the most commonly cultivated banana variety in the world. They grow well in hot climates such as India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Sri Lanka. They do not produce fruit all year round but fruitfulness peaks from June to September.
Fruit size ranges between 1/2 inch to 2 inches long with a diameter of 4 mm. These bananas ripen from early summer until late autumn depending upon the location where they are grown.
Musa balbisiana bananas are found in some tropical regions of Africa, Madagascar and Brazil. They produce fruit all year round but fruitfulness peaks from March to May. Fruit size ranges between 3/4 inch to 5 inches long with a diameter of 6 mm.
These bananas ripen from April to July depending upon the location where they are grown.
Banana Plant Pups: Can You Root A Banana Tree In Water?
A banana tree is made up of pups and suckers. Pups are the new plants that develop from the roots, the suckers are the shoots that grow out from the stem of the parent plant. It is important to know how to divide a banana plant as part of this knowledge will enable you to separate the pups from the parent plant.
When a banana plant is mature it will produce a flower spike. After the flowers have bloomed, bananas grow where the flowers once were. The bananas are ready for harvest once they turn yellow and begin to harden.
The better quality bananas are harvested by hand; they should be tied in bunches using nylon twine and left to ripen until they are ready for shipment to market.
The pups of the banana plant that are located at the base of the stem should be separated and replanted. The suckers, which are located higher up on the stem, can also be removed and planted. They should be rebulit so that they are exposed to as much sunlight as possible, they should not be planted too deeply, a depth of up to 6 inches is sufficient.
Banana Transplantation: How Is It Done?
You can transplant a banana tree by either digging up the entire plant or just the pups and suckers. It is best to dig up the entire plant if you want to move it to a different location that is further away, this will ensure that the plant gets enough light. You can also dig up only the pups and suckers if you want to move them to another location that is closer. This will enable you to have several banana trees in different parts of your garden without having one over bearing the other.
Care must be taken when digging up the pups and suckers so that you don’t damage them. Always use a good spade when digging. When removing the pups and suckers from the hole, make sure not to pull on them but instead push them out of the ground.
This will reduce the chances of damaging their roots.
When planting the pups and suckers, dig a hole in the new location and make sure that it is as big as the width of the root system. Plant it at the same depth as it was growing previously. Do not mulch around the tree but do provide support in the form of a stake and string.
This will ensure that it does not blow over in a strong wind.
It will take four to five months before the newly transplanted banana tree starts bearing fruit. The new tree will not be as productive as the parent tree for the first two to three years.
How To Make Your Own Banana Repashy PK Liquid Plant Fertilizer
If you are serious about growing bananas and want to make sure your plants never suffer from nutrient deficiencies you can make your own plant fertilizer. This is a special type of liquid fertilizer that is easy for the plants to absorb. It contains all the major nutrients that your banana plants need to grow such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and many more.
This type of fertilizer can either be bought online or you can make it yourself. If you decide to make your own you will need to gather some banana peels, yeast, water and some sort of plastic container such as a bucket. The banana peels can be fresh or dried.
You will need to put the peels in the container and then cover them with water. Put a lid on the container so that the peels can soak for about two weeks. After two weeks have passed pour out the water and let the peels dry out in the sun for several hours.
Bury them in your garden away from the banana plants as the peel will attract insects and rodents.
Once the peels have dried out completely they will be full of yeast. The yeast is what breaks down the peels and makes the plant food. Once you have the yeast you can make as much plant food as you want.
To do this just add water and some sugar to the yeast and allow it to ferment for a few days. After a few days you will have your own plant food.
The banana peels can be used over and over again to make your own plant food. Every two weeks or so you will need to add a fresh batch of peels to the container of water and let it soak for two weeks. You will always have fresh yeast to make your plant food.
Banana plants grow very rapidly and can produce fruit within a year of being planted. If you are growing your own bananas it is a good idea to have several banana plants so that if one fails for some reason you will still have a good supply of bananas.
Bananas do best in fertile well drained soil and need plenty of water. Once the plants start to bear fruit they also need a lot of nutrients so it is best to make your own plant food and add it to the water on a regular basis.
Banana plants can grow to be twenty five feet tall and the largest plants can produce hundreds of bananas. The average plant will produce around fifty to one hundred. Keep in mind that if you are growing your own bananas to feed the monkeys, you may need more than one plant!
Bananas are a healthy nutritious fruit high in fiber and Vitamin C. They are a very good source of potassium and other minerals. They are easy to pack and do not spoil easily so they make an excellent food for hiking and camping.
Banana plants can also be grown indoors anywhere in the world. They make a great houseplant and will give you your own supply of fresh bananas. The large decorative leaves look good in any room and add a tropical feel no matter where you put it.
Banana plants can also be purchased from nurseries and garden centers. These plants will produce fruit fairly quickly and you can usually get a couple of bunches from each plant when they are ready. You can also buy seed bananas (the very small ones that are yellow and not yet ripe) from some garden centers and grow your own plants at home.
Banana plants look like big pots of grass when you first get them but as they grow the big decorative leaves will start to appear and they will start to flower. They can reach ten to fifteen feet tall or taller so give them plenty of space.
Banana plants thrive in hot weather but will tolerate cooler temperatures. They need a lot of sun so they can produce the most fruit. You can grow them in large containers or even underground.
They like well-drained fertile soil that is high in nitrogen. Don’t fertilize the plants in the fall or winter but add some fertilizer in the spring before new growth starts.
Banana plants can grow very quickly and flower within six months of being planted. It takes another five months before the fruits appear. Once mature, they produce fruit continuously but you can only pick it when it is ripe.
Unripe fruit will turn yellow and fall from the plant and the ripe fruit will have a divot in the skin near the base where it was once attached to the plant.
Bananas are a type of berry but don’t eat them like an apple (skin and all). The skin has a bitter taste so most people peel them before eating. You can slice them up and put them in your cereal or just eat them as is for a quick energy snack.
You can also freeze them for later.
Bananas are very easy to grow and thrive just about anywhere in the world. They only need fertile well-drained soil, plenty of water and lots of sunshine to produce a good harvest. If you have room, you can even grow several banana plants.
They also make a great houseplant as they don’t take up much space and can still produce fruit in a small pot.
The world famous Dole Plantation in Hawaii grows over 30 million stems a year. This one plantation has been around since the late 1800’s and is open to the public. They offer train and tram tours, a museum, a man made waterfall, and of course they sell their famous pineapple products in their gift shops.
If you have never tasted a banana you are really missing out on a delicious and healthy treat!
Whether you grow them indoors in containers or outdoors in the ground, bananas are a great addition to any edible landscaping!
Sources & references used in this article:
Puppy Mills by D Merskin – Humans and Animals: A Geography of Coexistence …, 2017 – books.google.com
Council Rock School District Textbook Listing 2016-2017 Elementary by …, B Book, M Squeak, WSB Book, WW do All Day… – ugeb.pw
Sexualities and separate spheres: Gender, sexual identity, and work in Dominica and beyond by A Wilson – 2009 – Pan Macmillan
Bananas: an American history by B Maurer – Gender Matters: Rereading Michelle Z. Rosaldo, 2000 – books.google.com
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[HS1349] Tropical and Subtropical Fruit Propagation by C Hiaasen – 2001 – Pan Macmillan