Harvest Time Of Fuji Apples:
The Fuji apple is one of the most popular varieties grown commercially in the United States. The fruit ripens from late June until September, depending upon location.
The best way to tell when your local harvest time is is to look at the trees in your area. If they are not turning yellow or red, then it’s too early!
There are two main types of Fuji apples: Golden Delicious and Gala. Both of these varieties produce the same size fruit, but there are some differences between them.
Golden Delicious apples are larger than regular Fuji apples and usually have a golden color. They tend to be sweeter tasting and less tart than their Gala cousins.
Galas are smaller than Golden Delicates and typically have a pale greenish-yellow color. These apples tend to be sweeter tasting and slightly tarter tasting than their Golden counterparts.
How To Pick A Juicy Fuji Apple:
Pick a juicy Fuji apple. There are many ways to do this, but here are a few suggestions:
1) Pull off the skin with your fingers and let it fall away from the fleshy part of the apple.
The juice will run out if you pull gently enough.
2) Peel back the outer layer of skin (the “skin” part).
Don’t worry, it won’t stick to the flesh of the apple.
3) Cut out the stem and core of the apple.
Now you can eat it any way you want. Add some cinnamon or other spices for extra flavor.
How Long Can You Store Fuji Apple Seeds:
Apples are one of the easiest fruit to store seeds from because they usually have very few if any inedible parts. The seeds of the apple are located inside small white structures called “pips”.
It is important to gather the seeds directly from the fruit after it has been harvested and not from an open bag or box. You can do this by drying the seeds or using a chemical like Methylated Spirits to remove the fleshy part of the seed.
It only takes a few minutes for the chemical to dissolve the flesh so you can easily peel it away.
After you have peeled off the fleshy part of the seed you can store them in a small container in a cool dry and dark place for at least one year.
How To Increase Apple Tree Production:
There are a few things you can do to increase apple tree production. If you want a steady supply of apples for yourself or to sell it’s a good idea to plant more than one variety of apple tree so that you have a backup if one species suffers disease or an infestation.
Although many people plant their apple trees fairly close together, you actually get a higher yield if you leave a lot of space around them. This allows access for weeding and also prevents the danger of disease spreading quickly between them.
Harvesting your apple crop is important and in most cases it’s better to pick the fruit before it falls off the tree when it’s ripe. This is because the apple will rot soon after it falls from the tree and also the weight of it could damage the branches if there is a heavy fruit fall all at once.
Other types of fruit are picked while still green and allowed to ripen later. This is not a good idea with apples as they do not get sweeter after they have been picked and in fact will start to decay very quickly.
The best way to harvest an apple crop is to use a ladder to reach the highest branches. You can then pick individual apples by hand or you can pull entire branches down and tie them together with twine or rope to bring them inside.
Apples can be stored in a cool dry place for several months if they are left in sealed plastic bags to prevent them from drying out. They can also be kept in a fridge but be sure to only put the amount of apples you will eat within a week inside as they will rot faster in the confined space.
How To Make An Apple Press:
This is a gentle way to extract juice from apples and other fruits. You will need some nylon stockings for this recipe which you can buy very cheaply in a dollar shop or discount store.
You will also need a bucket, large stone and something flat (like a piece of wood) that will fit inside the bucket with the fruit but not touching the bottom of the bucket.
Wash your apples well to remove all dirt. Cut each apple in half and remove the seeds.
Cut each apple half into 3 vertical sections (don’t cut all the way through the core). Put a handful of apple pieces in the nylon stocking and tie a knot in the top. Push the knotted end of the stocking into the bucket. Place the flat piece of wood (it should fit inside the bucket) on top of the stocking so that it props up the apples and keeps them from falling out.
Use the piece of wood to press down on the apples. You will need to do this 2 or 3 times to help the juice out.
You can pour this ‘press juice’ away as it doesn’t have much nutritional value. After you have pressed the apples, remove the flat piece of wood and pull the nylon stocking out of the bucket.
Measure about 1 litre of apple juice into a pot and add sugar to taste. Bring to the boil and then turn down the heat and let it simmer for about 20 minutes.
Allow to cool and put in sterilized bottles (see below). Keeps in the fridge for a few days only so drink it while it’s fresh!
To sterilize bottles: Wash them in very hot soapy water, rinse well then place on a baking tray and into an oven at 200 degrees for about 10 minutes. Take care removing the bottles as they will be very hot.
Let them cool before filling.
Can You Grow Apples?
Apples will grow happily in much of mainland Australia. They also do well in New Zealand, north-western USA and Canada. Some varieties will even grow in the south of France.
You can grow apple trees from seeds but these may take several years to bear fruit and the results are often not particularly good for eating. Grafted trees will bear much sooner and produce fruit that is true to type.
Apple trees grow fairly quickly, reaching about 3 metres high at maturity and so do not need a very large growing area. They also do not have many pests or diseases and grow well in most soils and climates.
They are also fairly cheap to buy if you would prefer not to grow your own.
If You Choose To Grow Your Own…
Choose a sunny spot that is free of other trees and shrubs as these could rob the young tree of nutrition and shade it from the sun.
Dig a hole twice the size of the root ball and fill half way with gravel or sharp sand. This will allow for drainage.
Fill the rest of the hole with soil and compost and gently lower the tree into it. Backfill the hole around the tree, firm the soil well and give it a light pruning.
Water well and that’s it! In a couple of years you should have a decent crop of delicious eating apples or you can choose to let them grow a bit higher first for some nice cooking apples.
If you have chosen to buy your tree, stand it in a bucket for a few weeks to allow the root ball to dry out a bit before planting it.
If You Choose To Buy Your Trees…
Choose a variety that is recommended for your area. Bush trees will grow in colder areas whilst the more delicate fan trees won’t grow anywhere colder than central Queensland.
They come in a range of colours and flavors from the soft, sweet creamapple to the famous red apples we all know.
Mail order will get you trees quicker but you can also buy from garden centres and nurseries.
Tomatoes really are a versatile fruit and you can eat them in so many ways. They also have great nutritional value and are an excellent source of Vitamin C.
Homegrown ones have far more flavor too!
There are both bush and climbing varieties. The bush ones grow to about 1.5 metres high and the climbing ones can reach up to 3 metres but they both do well in most climates.
Tomatoes like a rich soil that has had all stones and lumps dug out of it. Add some rotted manure or compost and work this well into the soil.
Dig a hole twice the size of the pot your tomato plant is in and drop it in. Add some more soil to fill in around the roots and firm the soil gently.
When planting out a seedling, first dig the hole a bit bigger so you can carefully up-pot the seedling to the size of pot it is in now. Firm well and water well.
Tomatoes don’t like their roots disturbed so take care when planting.
Tomatoes don’t like extreme cold so if you have a very cold winter, mulch the plant well and surround the stem with gravel or sand which will help to protect the roots from the frost.
If you want to grow the plants up something, build a simple trellis or fence and train the stems to grow along it. You can also stake them as they grow.
To get fruits you need one or more flowers to set. When a flower appears, you need to gently nip out all but the one which will produce the fruit.
These flowers turn into the fruity thingies we all know and love.
When the fruits start to set, feed them with a liquid tomato fertilizer once a week. This will encourage them to get nice and ripe and juicy for harvesting.
Harvest them when they are red otherwise they will keep on growing until they drop off.
If you have a large number to harvest, wait until they are all red and then pick every other day. This will allow the plant to continue to produce more for you.
There are a large number of online sites that you can sell your goods on. Some of these sites will take a commission of what you earn so research carefully before signing up with any site.
Most sites offer ebooks, videos and all sorts of other goodies to help you along with your growing. If you join one of the bigger sites you may find some of the content is free just by searching through it.
One thing to remember is if you use an online site to sell, make sure you take really good photos because this will be what prospective buyers judge your produce on. You want them to want to buy!
There are also many sites which have already built up a reputation so you can just advertise and deal with them direct. Some of the bigger companies will even come to you and offer to buy everything you have.
These are becoming increasingly popular and are held in parks, town centers and street corners all over the country. You’ll need to do some research to find out what is going on in your area then go and see for yourself.
You’ll need to decide what you are going to sell. This may be a bulk produce or something you’ve made yourself such as jam, pickles, chutneys or salsa.
Fruit wines and cordials are also very popular.
You’ll most likely have to get up really early to get there on time to set up and you will need to take everything you need to sell with you. You can’t just sell anything though, you will need a license or risk getting thrown out.
Farmers markets are a great place for people to get fresh, local produce as well as speaking to the people who grow it and finding out how it’s all done. Most consumers these days want to know where their food comes from and farmers markets are a great place to tell them!
Going Down the Road…
If you have a really nice load of produce, it might be worth making the effort to take it further a field. If you have a big enough truck or trailer, you can take it down to the city and try and get some good money for it.
People in the cities are willing to pay a premium for fresh food because the vast majority of what they eat is horrible processed garbage full of chemicals which doesn’t last and goes off within days. If you have a nice trip you can get as much as ten times what you would at the farmers market.
The only issue is that it is really hard work. You’ll need to take someone along to help you and you’ll have to make several trips back and forth to unload.
It’s a lot of wasted time when you could be selling where you are but sometimes you need to move the goods.
Sources & references used in this article:
NIR measurement of apple fruit soluble solids content and firmness as affected by postharvest storage by R Lu, BB Bailey – 2005 ASAE Annual Meeting, 2005 – elibrary.asabe.org
Orchard locality and storage factors affecting the commercial quality of Australian Granny Smith apples by CR Little, HJ Taylor – Journal of horticultural science, 1981 – Taylor & Francis
Postharvest quality and sensory attributes of organically and conventionally grown apples by JR DeEll, RK Prange – HortScience, 1992 – journals.ashs.org
Management of apple maturity and postharvest storage conditions to increase polyphenols in cider by BL Ewing, GM Peck, S Ma, AP Neilson, AC Stewart – HortScience, 2019 – journals.ashs.org
Prestorage heating of apple fruit for enhanced postharvest quality: interaction of time and temperature by JD Klein, S Lurie – HortScience, 1992 – journals.ashs.org
Using the Streif Index as a final harvest window for controlled-atmosphere storage of apples by JM DeLong, RK Prange, PA Harrison, RA Schofield… – …, 1999 – journals.ashs.org
The influence of pre-storage delayed cooling on quality and disorder incidence in ‘Honeycrisp’apple fruit by JM DeLong, RK Prange, PA Harrison – Postharvest biology and technology, 2004 – Elsevier
NIR spectroscopy for the optimization of postharvest apple management by G Giovanelli, N Sinelli, R Beghi, R Guidetti… – Postharvest Biology and …, 2014 – Elsevier