Blackberry bushes are one of the most popular plants in our garden. They provide us with many benefits such as:
They make great houseplants, they are easy to keep clean and do not require much attention. They have beautiful flowers which attract bees and butterflies. You can use them for making jams or jellies.
Their berries taste good when eaten raw or cooked. They make excellent tea!
There are many different types of blackberry bushes and each type has its own characteristics. Some varieties produce large amounts of fruit while others only produce small quantities. There are also some varieties that produce fruits year round, but still other varieties only come out during certain times of the year.
Blackberry bushes vary greatly in size and shape, so it’s best to choose a variety that fits your needs.
The following is a list of the main types of blackberry bushes in cultivation:
Red Delicious Blackberry (Rubus idaeus) – Red Delicious Blackberries are native to North America and were introduced into Europe around 1530. These berries ripen from late summer until early fall. They are known for their sweet flavor and high sugar content.
They are also very nutritious, containing vitamins A, C, E and K2 along with potassium, manganese and fiber.
Cherokee Blackberry (Rubus x prunifolius) – The Cheroke Blackberry is a cross between the Black Raspberry and the Red Delicious Blackberry. It is a vigorous grower that spreads through underground stems rather than vines. It ripens in the late summer and can be harvested up until the first frost.
The berries are sweet and rich in flavor.
Fall Gold Blackberry (Rubus Californicus) – The Fall Gold Blackberry is native to North America. It is a popular variety that can produce up to 8 pounds of fruits per plant. The fruits ripen in mid-summer and have a medium-sized diameter with a good balance between sweetness and tartness.
They grow in erect clusters with yellow-orange colored skin that darkens when the berries mature.
Olallieberry (Rubus x Morifolius) – The Olallieberry is a cross between the Youngberry and the Cherokee Blackberry. As implied by its name, the Olallieberry ripens in the winter. It has a unique taste somewhere between the raspberry and blackberry and has an appealing flavor and aroma.
While the fruit itself is edible, do not eat the leaves or the roots as they contain toxic alkaloids.
Sources & references used in this article:
Thornless blackberries for the home garden by JW Hull – 1973 – books.google.com
Blackberries by EB Poling – Journal of Small Fruit & Viticulture, 1997 – Taylor & Francis
High tunnel raspberries and blackberries by C Heidenreich, M Pritts, MJ Kelly… – Cornell University, New …, 2012 – tunnelberries.org
Blackberry breeding by HK Hall – Plant breeding reviews, 1990 – Wiley Online Library
Raspberries and blackberries by FD Morrison – 1987 – coffey.k-state.edu
Blackberries by CE Finn – Temperate fruit crop breeding, 2008 – Springer
Growing Blackberries in Missouri by GK Ames – 1992 – ag.missouristate.edu
Growing erect and trailing blackberries by GMM Darrow, GF Waldo – 1948 – books.google.com