Companion Planting Chart
The companion planting chart is one of the most useful tools for vegetable gardening. There are many benefits when using it. One of them is that it helps you to plan your garden layout before starting the actual cultivation work.
You can easily see what plants will grow well together with each other or which ones need extra attention in order to make sure they do not compete with each other.
There are two types of companion planting:
1) All-in-one (AiO) plantings – Plants grown from seeds, bulbs, stems, leaves and roots.
These plants usually have similar growth habits and characteristics. They may even look alike!
2) Separate plantings – Plants grown from cuttings or root systems.
These plants often differ greatly in size, shape and coloration. Some of these plants may even be poisonous.
How To Plan A Companion Vegetable Garden Layout?
You can use any type of companion planting chart. However, you should choose one that is easy to read and understand. Also, if possible, choose one that includes all the different types of vegetables that you want to grow in your garden.
Here is a simple example of a companion planting chart. It is easy to understand and you can see at a glance all the information you will need.
The layout shows you which plants are best to be grown next to each other. For instance, the cabbage family (crucifers) do not do well if planted near anything in the onion (liliaceae) family. On the other hand, the rose family (rosaceae) and the legume family (leguminosae) could be good choices.
You can also see that various different types of plants can be grown together successfully.
The main thing you need to remember is that if you have a specific plan in mind, such as trying to maximize productivity or saving space, you should stick with that plan. It will make it easier for you rather than having a mixed-bag of random plants.
However, if you are a beginner gardener, it might be better if you just plant based on the companion planting chart. This way you will not have to worry about making any mistakes when planning your garden layout.
Tips For Using The Companion Planting Chart
Here are some general guidelines that you can use when planning your garden layout or when planting your seeds or seedlings:
1) Do not plant root vegetables near onions, shallots, garlic, leeks or chives.
These plants give off a particular gas (propethly S-oxide) that prevents the others from growing well.
2) Cucumbers do not like to be planted near beans, melons or pumpkins.
3) Melons and squash prefer not to be planted near anything in the legume family.
This also includes peanuts, peas and beans.
4) Onions and potatoes can cause your other plants to become diseased.
Keep them away from your other plants.
5) Tomatoes and peppers seem to grow better if they are planted next to each other.
6) Marigolds (and the closely related pot marigolds) are a good choice for flowers in your vegetable garden.
They will repel nematodes (little worms that attack the roots of your plants) and some insects.
7) Be aware that when you are planting on a small scale, it is difficult to keep pests away from your garden.
Always try to rotate your garden. For example, if you have planted your tomatoes in the same place for two years in a row, it might be wise to move them elsewhere next year.
Here are some myths about companion planting that you might want to keep in mind when planning your garden layout:
1) It is a myth that plants with large leaves (such as cabbage) will provide enough shade to keep smaller plants like lettuce growing well.
2) It is a myth that companions that grow high (such as corn) will provide enough shade to keep smaller plants like lettuce growing well.
3) It is a myth that if you plant different types of flowers among your vegetables, the flowers will help repel pests.
4) It is a myth that a garden needs a center piece (like a shrub or tree) to provide beauty.
5) It is a myth that topsoil is always better than subsoil.
The type of soil (subsoil or topsoil) does not have a direct impact on your plants.
6) It is a myth that rocks in the garden prevent water from soaking into the ground, which leads to more plant-friendly surroundings.
In actuality, rocks will absorb as much water as the rest of the soil.
Good luck with your gardening!
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Sources & references used in this article:
Great garden companions: a companion-planting system for a beautiful, chemical-free vegetable garden by SJ Cunningham – 2000 – books.google.com
The tropical vegetable garden. Principles for improvement and increased production with application to the main vegetable types. by CM Messiaen – 1992 – cabdirect.org
The hidden history of food system planning by D Vitiello, C Brinkley – Journal of Planning History, 2014 – journals.sagepub.com
Manual of vegetable-garden diseases. by L Riotte – 1998 – Storey Publishing
Planning the vegetable garden by C Chupp – Manual of vegetable-garden diseases., 1925 – cabdirect.org
Planting Your Vegetable Garden by CG Hard – 1980 – conservancy.umn.edu