The following are some of the poisonous plants which are known to cause death to goats:
1) Milkweed (Asclepias curcas)
2) Nightshade (Solanum lycopersicum)
3) Mistletoe (Hedera helix)
4) Stinging Nettle (Nerium oleraceum), also called Chinese nightshade or Indian hemp, is a plant native to China and India. It produces a toxic sap when crushed and inhaled.
5) Wild carrot (Daucus carota) is a small annual wild carrot that grows along streamsides in warm climates.
Its seeds contain a toxin that causes vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and convulsions. The poison may cause death within 24 hours if swallowed.
6) Blackberry (Rubus idaeus) is a berry from the family Rubiaceae.
It contains oxalic acid, which causes kidney failure in humans and animals.
7) Dogbane (Artemisia absinthium), also called dogwood, is a shrub or small tree growing to 30 feet tall and wide.
It has purple flowers that smell like burning rubber. When crushed, it gives off a foul odor that resembles rotten eggs.
It causes vomiting and diarrhea in goats.
8) Comfrey (Symphytum officinale), also called common comfrey, knitbone or boneset, contains allantoin, as well as other alkaloids.
The leaves are purgative, emetic, and cause paralysis if ingested in large amounts. It can cause death if eaten in large amounts.
9) Oleander (Nerium oleander), also called rose bay, is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree growing up to 13 feet tall and wide.
It has clusters of beautiful fragrant pink flowers. Its poison causes dizziness, nausea, shallow breathing, and eventually cardiac arrest.
It is important to keep all poisonous plants away from goats. It can kill them.
Also, you should make sure the goat has plenty of food and water since it can get dehydrated from vomiting and diarrhea.
In the text below you can read about what goats can eat:
Goats are herbivores (plant-eaters) who consume more than 100 different kinds of vegetation. Goats are classified as “unspecialized feeders” because they eat a wide variety of plants.
Goats can obtain nutrients from otherwise nutritious but unpalatable vegetation by selectively choosing to consume only the more nutritious parts of the plant. Sometimes, goats will choose to consume less nutritious vegetation because it is easier to eat or because there is no other food available. Goats have a tendency to select soft vegetation over nutritious but less digestible vegetation. When “low quality” food is available, they are able to regurgitate the food from their rumens and re-chew it to extract more nutrients. Goats prefer to consume vegetation that has more browse (shrubs, trees and woody plants), than forage (grasses and herbaceous plants).
Goats will eat almost any type of vegetation such as leaves, seeds, flowers, bark, vines, grasses, fruits, berries and rhizomes. They also enjoy cereals, oil-seeds and sugar-beets.
Goats do not have upper front teeth so they cannot effectively bite plants, instead they grab the plant with their teeth and tear off the plant near the ground. Goats prefer to eat green vegetation but if that is not available then they will eat the dry plant. They do not consume their faeces (this is known as coprophagy) like domesticated dogs or cows.
The average goat eats about 9 pounds of vegetation daily and drinks about 13 ounces of water every day. This can vary due to the climate and the time of year.
Goats are able to get their nutritional requirements even when their diet is lacking in a number of vitamins and minerals. Goat’s milk, however, lacks vitamin C.
Goats do not need vitamins added to their feed because of their ability to get all the nutrients they need from less nutritious food sources.
There are a wide range of plants that goats can eat, but each goat has its own favourites. Some of these include:
English plantain (Plantago major) – nutritious value: 2.8
Meadow sweet (Filipendula ulmaria) – nutritious value: 1.
Sources & references used in this article:
Goats make” cents” out of the scourge of leafy spurge. by S Stoneberg – Rangelands Archives, 1989 – journals.uair.arizona.edu
Raising goats for dummies by JD Belanger, J Belanger, ST Bredesen – 2010 – Storey Publishing
Goats Make by CK Smith – 2010 – books.google.com