Potato Storage After Harvest: How To Store Potatoes At Home?
How To Store Freshly Digged Potatoes For Long Term Storage
In the past, it was common practice to bury fresh potatoes in the garden. However, there are some reasons why one might want to keep them longer than a few days or even weeks. One reason could be if you have a large number of potatoes that need to be stored for later use. Another reason could be if you want to preserve your own potatoes for future use. If you have no other choice but to bury them, then they will last much longer than if you just throw them away.
If you have a large amount of potatoes that need to be preserved, then burying them may not be feasible because there won’t always be enough space for all of the potatoes. You would either have to dig up the potatoes or put them into bags. Either method requires digging up the potatoes which takes time and energy. Also, digging up the potatoes means that you’ll lose any moisture from their skin which will make them less tasty when eaten.
Another option is to freeze the fresh potatoes before burying them in the garden. However, freezing does not guarantee that you’ll get a good quality product out of frozen potatoes. The potatoes need to be exposed to as little water as possible and quick frozen to ensure that the quality will remain high after they’ve been taken out of the freezer.
One way of freezing the potatoes without exposing them to much water is to freeze them in a vacuum sealed bag. This can be done with a special pump or by lowering the pressure in the bag so that water evaporates out of it. If you have a pump, then it’s fairly simple to do. Just put the potatoes in the bag and remove all of the air by pumping out the air. You want to make sure that you only add as much potatoes as the bag can hold because putting too many in there will cause the pressure to rise again and the water will start being drawn back into the potatoes.
After pumping out the air, you need to either put the bag into a collection bucket or hang it up so that all of the water can drip out. You can then seal up the bag and put it into the freezer.
If you don’t have a pump, then there is another way to do it though it is more complicated. First you need to fill up a bathtub with cold water and add a couple of cups of ice. You’ll need to prepare your containers for freezing the potatoes by filling them with water and pouring the water out a few times so that there is only a small amount of moisture in the bottom. Add the potatoes one by one into the container and seal it up as best as you can. Next, you want to hang the container in the bathtub so that it is completely submersed in water.
This will force most of the air out of the container. You can now take it out of the water and put it in the freezer.
If you don’t have a pump or containers to freeze the potatoes in, then you can always just pack them in a box with dry ice. You’ll want to coat each potato in oil before doing this or else they will freeze to each other. Dry ice is frozen carbon dioxide and is extremely cold. It is hard to touch and will burn your skin if it is not handled properly.
Sources & references used in this article:
Post harvest losses and technical efficiency of potato storage systems in Bangladesh by A Hossain, M Miah – 2009 – fpmu.gov.bd
Perspectives of green-crop-harvesting to control soil-borne and storage diseases of seed potatoes by A Mulder, LJ Turkensteen, A Bouman – Netherlands Journal of Plant …, 1992 – Springer
Can sequential harvesting help small holder organic farmers meet consumer expectations for organic potatoes? by M Katundu, S Hendriks, J Bower, M Siwela – Food quality and preference, 2010 – Elsevier
Nutritional composition of freshly harvested and stored Latvian potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) varieties depending on traditional cooking methods by I Murniece, D Karklina, R Galoburda, D Santare… – Journal of Food …, 2011 – Elsevier