Storing Elephant Ear Bulbs: What You Need To Know About How To Store Them

How To Use Elephant Ear Bulbs: A Guide For Winter Storage

Tips For Storing Elephant Ear Bulbs: A Complete List Of Information And Resources

What Is An Elephant Ear?

An elephant ear (or elephant tusk) is a small cone-shaped structure found inside the outer ear canal of elephants. They are used for hearing and balance. There are two types of elephant ears: flat or conical, and round or oval shaped. Flat and circular elephant ears have been known to survive temperatures as low as -30°C (-22°F). Round and oval elephant ears have survived temperatures up to 50°C (122°F), but they are not recommended for prolonged storage.

The most common type of elephant ear is the flat one. These are usually cylindrical in shape with a diameter of 1 cm (0.4 inches) or less, although some larger ones may reach 2 cm (1 inch).

They have a dull gray colouration which aids in their camouflage, and they can be found on both young and old individuals.

How Does An Elephant Ear Work?

The structure of an elephant ear is very complex. The external end has small ridges that increase friction with the inside of the ear canal. These ridges also help to funnel sound vibrations towards the “hammer”, a small structure that transfers sound vibrations to the internal end of the ear.

At the internal end of the ear are three small bones called the “anvil”, “incus” and “stirrup”. These transfer sound vibrations from the “hammer” to the inner ear. The stirrup receives sound vibrations from the incus, which in turn receives vibrations from the hammer.

The stirrup transmits these vibrations to the fluid-filled chamber of the cochlea, or hearing organ, which is located inside the skull.

Fluid in the cochlea changes the vibrations into nerve impulses that are then sent to the brain, where they are interpreted as sound.

Why Do Elephants Have These?

The exact reason why elephants have these structures is not known. They may be used for both hearing and balance purposes, and act as antennae that can pick up even the slightest of sound waves. It is possible that the low rumbling sounds that elephants produce (especially young elephants) may be produced by the ear, although this sound is most likely created in the lower throat.

How Do You Say It?

The word “elephant” originates from the Greek “elephantos”, meaning “ivory”, which came from the Indic “elaphantus”, meaning “ivory”, which came from the Tamil “elamani”, meaning “elephant”. The word “ear” comes from the Old English “earu”, meaning “ear”.

Fun Facts About Hearing In Elephants

Elephants can hear sounds at low frequencies as well as the difference between different cries of species from up to 5 km (3 miles) away.

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The world’s largest sound frequencies that an elephant can hear is 1 cycle per second.

The world’s smallest sound frequency that an elephant can hear is 20 cycles per second. A small dog can hear frequency of up to 45 cycles per second. A cat’s hearing range is even broader, extending from 67 cycles per second up to 140 cycles per second.

Human hearing range is from 14 cycles per second to 28 cycles per second.

The world’s loudest noises heard by humans are the sounds of large waves crashing (up to 200dB), a jet plane (150dB) and a gunshot or thunderclap (140dB).

How Does This Compare To Other Species?

An elephant’s sense of hearing is surpassed by several other species. The small Indian mongoose has a hearing range that extends from 70 cycles per second up to an incredible 260 cycles per second! It can hear a pin drop at a distance of more than 1.6 kilometres (1 mile).

Whales communicate with vibrations in the water, and have internal hearing organs that allow them to hear these messages. Dolphins also use these types of sound waves to locate and capture prey. The dolphin’s hearing range is similar to that of humans, but they can hear even the faintest sounds in water.

The smallest creatures with the best hearing are the tiny moss animals that live in the deep oceans. These hearing abilities allow them to survive in a world with little light in the deepest darkest places on Earth.

Senses

Introduction

Senses are critical to survival. Without them, it would be impossible to know if that was a predator nearby, if the food you are about to eat is safe or poisonous, or how to find a potential mate. The five senses we all know are sight, sound, touch, taste and smell.

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This category will take a look at the methods of sensing the environment around us, and some of the crazy adaptations that many species have to sense their surroundings!

Sight

What Are Eyes For?

The eyes are for receiving visual stimuli (light) and processing it into information that the brain can understand. Eyes are grouped into two categories, invertebrate and vertebrate. Invertebrates include animals such as insects, spiders and squids, while vertebrates include animals with backbones, such as fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.

What Do Eyes Look Like?

Eyes come in many shapes and sizes. Many invertebrates have simple eyes that can detect light or movement or both. These include single lens eyes like a fly or a trilobite, which can see the general direction of light but little else. More complex eyes include ones with multiple lenses like a snail or multiple lenses attached to a single convex curved surface like with a crab.

Vertebrate eyes come in two main flavours, apposition eyes and reflection eyes. Vertebrates with apposition eyes, like a human or a frog, have light entering the eye and falling onto a single screen, which detects the light and allows the brain to process it into images. Vertebrates with reflection eyes, like a fish or a reptile, have their eyes adapted in such a way that all the light is reflected back into a single point before being detected by the brain.

How Can Eyes Evolve?

Eyes are complicated structures for animals to develop. Not only does the animal need a complex brain to interpret the images being seen, but it also needs a lens or other light detection structure, a way of changing the light into electrical signals that can be interpreted by the brain, and adjustable pupils for allowing different amounts of light to enter the eye. This means eyes will rarely ever develop in animals without a complex nervous system.

Eyes have a mix of complex and simple structures. The lens itself is a fairly simple structure, consisting of only one layer of cells, while the eye as a whole has multiple parts that all need to work together for the eye to function properly. This means eyes are classified as complex structures by biologists, which means that they are unlikely to have evolved more than once or twice in multicellular animals.

How Were Eyes First Used?

The first eyes were almost certainly used as light sensors for organisms living in the deep ocean or in other dark locations. As they developed, they were then used to detect movement, and finally images. With these three developments, the brain was able to process these images into meaningful patterns of light, which allowed organisms to detect and even recognise other organisms. This meant that animals could identify predators or prey by their movement or the light reflecting off them, leading to an advantage over other animals which couldn’t do this.

How Are Eyes Used Today?

Some animals use their eyes in much the same way as their ancestors hundreds of millions of years ago. These include animals such as the mantis shrimp, which uses its compound eyes to detect movement so it can prey on smaller animals. Other animals take advantage of their complex eyes to give them an advantage over other animals. Hawks and eagles use their extremely complex eyes to allow them to see prey from extremely far away, while cats use their eyes to gather as much light as possible so they can see at night. Finally, humans and a few other animals developed the ability to use their eyes for more abstract purposes, such as reading, which evolved from seeing simple patterns on rocks.

How Does The Eye Detect Light?

The cells in the back of the eye detect light by converting it into electrical signals. These signals are then sent down the optic nerve so they can be interpreted by the brain as “light”.

How Does The Eye Convert Light Into Electrical Signals?

The cells at the back of the eye contain molecules called opsins. These contain electrons that can be easily released or absorbed, which causes a change in the shape of the molecule. When one of these molecules is exposed to light, it changes shape and sets off a chain reaction that converts the light into an electrical signal through a process known as oxidation reduction (redox) coupling.

Are There Other Animals Which Have Eyes?

While eyes have evolved many times in animals, even in some single-celled organisms such as the jellyfish and paramecium, eyes have only evolved a handful of times in terrestrial animals. This is because the eye is actually made up of a large series of sub-steps which need to be perfected in order for it to function. The first animals to evolve eyes around 550 million years ago had a much simpler version of the eye, with only a ‘pinhole camera’ type structure which could detect light but couldn’t form images. It wasn’t until much later that animals evolved the complex lens eye that we are all familiar with today.

Do All Animals Which Have Eyes Have The Same Type Of Eye?

While most animals with eyes have the complex lens eye, this is not always the case. A very small number of animals, such as some cave fish, have lost the ability to see in colour and are hence almost blind. A few predatory squid have also evolved to lose their eyes altogether, with teeth and tentacles being more useful for locating prey in their dark aquatic environment.

Do Humans Have A Sixth Sense?

Humans often refer to things such as intuition or gut feelings as a ‘sixth sense’, however this is usually just psychology. The idea of a sixth sense refers to the traditional five senses (Touch, Taste, Sight, Smell, Hear) plus a hypothetical sense that allows humans to detect non-physical phenomena such as ghosts. There is no proof that humans have any such abilities.

What Is The Pineal Gland?

The pineal gland is a small organ in the centre of the brain. It produces melatonin which causes drowsiness, and affects your body’s internal rhythm. It also has a rudimentary connection to the retina, which enables light to regulate the production of melatonin.

How Does The Eye See Colour?

Light entering the eye is detected by cells called cones, each receiving different wavelengths of light. These signals are sent to the brain which interprets them as colour. Different people have different numbers of cones, with some individuals having a greater ability to see colours. These people are known as ‘tetrachromats’, and some can perceive colours that others cannot. Most mammals are thought to be colourblind, though this is disputed within the scientific community.

How Does Colour Blindness Work?

Due to evolution, humans have gradually lost their ability to see colour over time. We are one of the only species that can see colour. In fact, there are some types of colour-blind creatures which can see colour better than humans. Colour blindness is where an individual fails to distinguish between certain colours due to a biological failure in the eyes or brain. Some types of colour-blindness involve seeing colours as a shade of grey, while others simply mix up similar colours. There are different types of colour-blindness which effect different ratios of men and women.

How Does Night Vision Work?

Night vision, or the ability to see in low light, is something that many animals have evolved. There are two types of night vision: Constitutive and Adaptive. Constitutive night vision refers to animals that are naturally nocturnal and have evolved the ability to produce high levels of a specific pigment within their eyes. This allows more light to be absorbed, making it easier to see in the dark. Some animals have also evolved a layer of tissue in their eyes which filters out certain wavelengths of light, and reflects others, such as heat which allows them to see in the dark.

How Is Sound Localised?

Localisation of sound refers to the ability to tell where a particular noise has come from. Humans do this by comparing the time it takes for a noise to reach each ear and using that information to calculate its origin. There are other ways of localising sound however. The easiest way is to simply turn your head and look. In the same way that you can see a tree in front of you, sound can also be directly traced to its source if it is close enough.

What Is Sensory Deprivation?

Sensory deprivation is a psychological condition involving a lack of stimuli to the senses. It can be caused by, among other things, keeping someone in the dark and/or silence, or by covering their eyes and ears. It is often used as an interrogation technique by some totalitarian regimes, although it is generally regarded as an illegal form of torture.

What Are Gamma Waves?

Gamma waves are a type of brainwave which some scientists believe is linked to our ability to dream. They oscillate at frequencies above 40 Hz.

What Is REM Sleep?

REM stands for Rapid Eye Movement and refers to a stage of sleep in which dreams are most likely to occur.

What Is A Coma?

A medical condition involving the partial or complete failure of the brain to respond to external stimulation. A person in a coma is described as being unconscious.

What Is Sleep Paralysis?

Sleep paralysis is a condition involving waking up unable to move, and sometimes believing that an unknown assailant or attacker is in the room. It is often accompanied by hallucinations involving some kind of threatening entity.

What Is Time Distortion?

Time distortion is a condition in which an individual feels as if time is passing at a different speed. This is often accompanied by the feeling that one has far less time to do things than is actually the case.

What Is The Mandela Effect?

The Mandela Effect is a term used to describe a phenomenon in which large groups of people suffer from memory lapses in which historical events have different outcomes than what people remember. It is not clear what is causing this, although some people have suggested it could be linked to changes in the flow of time.

Other Periodic Facts

History

The Last War took place between the years 2035 and 2110. It involved the use of a number of ingenious weapons including fuel-air explosives and cobalt bombs. The war was ultimately won by the Normans who managed to enslave most of Western Europe under their dominion.

The first person to circumnavigate the globe was Patrick Thompson who accomplished the feat in the year 2101.

In the early 21st century, most of North America came under the dominion of the United States.

In the early 21st century, India came under rule by a number of warlords. It is now known as the Hindu Confederacy and is made up of a number of city states.

In 2169, people first set foot on Mars.

In the 22nd century, advances were made in the field of cryogenics.

Robert C. Johfra was the first person to reach the age of 200 in 2278.

It is now the year 5376.

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Technology

The earliest instances of robots date back to the 20th century and continue right up to the present day. The word robot itself was first used in 1921 by the Czech Karel Capek in his play R.U.R.

(Rossum’s Universal Robots).

It is unknown who built the first computer, but the idea was first proposed by John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry in the 1930s.

Invention of the Internet is often credited to British scientist Tim Berners-Lee in 2042.

Human cloning has been possible since the 21st century thanks to stem cell research and nuclear transfer.

In 2164, a manned mission to Mars was launched.

Websites such as Google and Yahoo! became common in the late 20th century.

In 2279, the first sentient artificial intelligence is created by a Japanese robotics company called Chiron Inc. This event is known as the Turning Point. It is unknown whether this caused humanity to invent new technologies at an increased rate or if it just became more obvious that it was happening.

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In the 22nd century, fusion power became a realistic form of energy production. This led to many developments including a manned mission to Mars.

By 2277, humans lands on Jupiter and found signs of life on one of its moons.

3D printing has existed since at least the 23rd century.

In the 46th century, the Amish Empire is a thriving civilization based in North America. They are mostly known for their farming communities which specialize in producing various medicines.

In the 50th century, humans have explored most of the Solar System. The Earth is no longer united under a single government but is instead a collection of city states.

Nanotechnology has been around since the 22nd century and as such, our understanding of the human body has increased greatly. In the present day, aging has been slowed to a certain extent and cured in some cases.

In the 50th century, the existence of alien life is proven when astronauts explore the surface of Gliese 581d.

In the 52nd century, it is discovered that faster than light travel is possible by manipulating the space-time continuum. This leads to the construction of a space station which is connected to the Earth by a single large wormhole.

Faster than light travel makes exploration of other solar systems possible. This leads to the discovery of intelligent life outside of Earth.

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The 56th century sees humanity encounter an ancient galactic empire. This significant event becomes known as first contact.

In the 60th century, humanity becomes part of an intergalactic alliance referred to as the Galactic Community.

In the 67th century, humans have established a reputation of stabbing everyone in the back and helping to bring down the oppressive regime known as the First Giga-tec Order.

Humanity is now a thriving civilization that continues to expand into space. It is not uncommon for humans to travel between systems aboard sleeper ships in state of cold sleep.

The year is 6737. Mankind has made contact with many alien species and helped to free many more from oppressive regimes such as the Great Torus Empire.

The Second Giga-tec Order has been defeated and freedom has been restored to the galaxy. Many aliens look up to humanity as an example of how a civilized society should be run. Some even go so far as to adopt human culture and see human beings as “the chosen ones” or “heroes of the galaxy”.

After a long and prosperous life, Keith Kormak passes away at the age of 67. His funeral is attended by hundreds of dignitaries, political figures and celebrities from all over the galaxy. His actions have not only saved Earth from destruction but also contributed to the salvation of thousands of other worlds.

By the time of his death, humans had achieved a level of technological advancement equal to that of the Pre-Fall Ancients.

Keith’s life inspires many future generations to become space marines and defend the galaxy from whatever threats may come their way. His deeds and legacy will forever be remembered.

Sources & references used in this article:

Summer Flowering Bulbs by L Sagers – 2012 – digitalcommons.usu.edu

Comparison of agar and an agitated, thin-film, liquid system for micropropagation of ornamental elephant ears by J Adelberg, J Toler – HortScience, 2004 – journals.ashs.org

Tips for Container Gardening: 300 Great Ideas for Growing Flowers, Vegetables & Herbs by JR Morris – 2011 – books.google.com

Summer-blooming Bulbs: Scores of Spectacular Bloomers for Your Summer Garden by B Hanson – 2001 – books.google.com

The Yukagir Mammoth: brief history, 14C dates, individual age, gender, size, physical and environmental conditions and storage by D Mol, J Shoshani, A Tikhonov, B Van Geel… – Scientific Annals, School …, 2006 – Citeseer

Taylor’s Guide to Bulbs: How to Select and Grow 480 Species of Spring and Summer Bulbs by BW Ellis – 2001 – books.google.com

Electronic toy, control method thereof, and storage medium by M Ueda, T Onishi – US Patent 7,442,107, 2008 – Google Patents

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